It is the opinion of the AAEP that the commonly used diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are important in the proper management of broodmares for optimum reproductive efficiency.

These procedures include, but are not limited to: palpation per rectum, ultrasound examination, visual and endoscopic examination of the internal reproductive organs, endometrial culture, endometrial cytology, endometrial biopsy, hormone assays, intrauterine therapy, urogenital surgery, embryo and gamete retrieval, manipulation and transfer, and artificial insemination (AI).

AI should be performed under the direction of a licensed veterinarian pursuant to a valid VCPR. All other above named procedures should only be performed by a licensed veterinarian. 

Revised by AAEP board of directors in 2013.

Resource Type

  • Position Statements


  • Horses
  • Reproduction

Publish Date

January 1, 2013