By Rosemary LoGiudice, DVM, DACVSMR, CVSMT, CVA, CCRT, FCoAC

Horse owners and trainers often use integrative—or even their own—therapies to try to maintain their horses’ wellbeing and/or improve performance. Many times, they do so without input from or the knowledge of their primary care veterinarian.

These therapies can include a multitude of oral, manual, and even injectable entities, some of which can truly be classified as complementary, alternative, and integrative veterinary medicine (CAVM) therapies.

Publication Type

  • Ethics


  • Ethics

Publish Date

December 1, 2021